Mouthon L1Carpentier PH2Lok C3Clerson P4Gressin V5Hachulla E6Bérezné A7Diot E8Van Kien AK9Jego P10Agard C11Duval-Modeste AB12Sparsa A13Puzenat E14Richard MA15ECLIPSE study investigators.

ABSTRACT:

OBJECTIVES:

Ischemic digital ulcers (DU) represent a major complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We investigated the impact of controlling the ulcerative disease on disability, pain, and quality of life in SSc patients receiving bosentan.

METHODS:

ECLIPSE (Study AC-052-517) is a 2-year prospective, multicenter, and observational study. Patients with SSc who experienced at least 1 DU in the previous year and received bosentan were included between October 2009 and March 2011. Disability scores [Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS) and Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI)], pain scores (visual analog scale), and quality-of-life scores (SF-36) were collected at inclusion and 1 year later (primary endpoint). A controlled ulcerative disease was defined by the absence of ongoing/new DU episode between inclusion and 1-year follow-up.

RESULTS:

Data were available at 1 year for 120 patients out of 190 included. During follow-up, 46 (38.3%) patients experienced a new DU episode. The number of DU per patient decreased from 1.4 ± 1.8 at inclusion to 0.6 ± 1.6 (p < 0.0001) at 1 year. Disability scores decreased from 1.0 ± 0.7 to 0.9 ± 0.7 (p = 0.04) for the HAQ-DI and from 29 ± 20 to 25 ± 20 (p = 0.005) for the CHFS; the pain score decreased from 4.3 ± 3.1 to 2.9 ± 2.8 (p < 0.0001). This improvement was attributed to patients with a controlled ulcerative disease (48.3%), who significantly improved HAQ-DI (p = 0.04), CHFS (p = 0.04), and pain score (p = 0.046).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with SSc, control of the ulcerative disease for 1 year was associated with significant attenuation of hand disability.

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