Mouthon L1, Carpentier PH2, Lok C3, Clerson P4, Gressin V5, Hachulla E6, Bérezné A7, Diot E8, Van Kien AK9, Jego P10, Agard C11, Duval-Modeste AB12, Sparsa A13, Puzenat E14, Richard MA15; ECLIPSE study investigators.
Ischemic digital ulcers (DU) represent a major complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We investigated the impact of controlling the ulcerative disease on disability, pain, and quality of life in SSc patients receiving bosentan.
ECLIPSE (Study AC-052-517) is a 2-year prospective, multicenter, and observational study. Patients with SSc who experienced at least 1 DU in the previous year and received bosentan were included between October 2009 and March 2011. Disability scores [Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS) and Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI)], pain scores (visual analog scale), and quality-of-life scores (SF-36) were collected at inclusion and 1 year later (primary endpoint). A controlled ulcerative disease was defined by the absence of ongoing/new DU episode between inclusion and 1-year follow-up.
Data were available at 1 year for 120 patients out of 190 included. During follow-up, 46 (38.3%) patients experienced a new DU episode. The number of DU per patient decreased from 1.4 ± 1.8 at inclusion to 0.6 ± 1.6 (p < 0.0001) at 1 year. Disability scores decreased from 1.0 ± 0.7 to 0.9 ± 0.7 (p = 0.04) for the HAQ-DI and from 29 ± 20 to 25 ± 20 (p = 0.005) for the CHFS; the pain score decreased from 4.3 ± 3.1 to 2.9 ± 2.8 (p < 0.0001). This improvement was attributed to patients with a controlled ulcerative disease (48.3%), who significantly improved HAQ-DI (p = 0.04), CHFS (p = 0.04), and pain score (p = 0.046).
In patients with SSc, control of the ulcerative disease for 1 year was associated with significant attenuation of hand disability.