SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
Children 5-15 years old treated for primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) with IgRT for ≥3 months were included in a prospective, noninterventional cohort study and followed over 12 months. Quality of life was assessed with the Child Health Questionnaire – parent form (CHQ-PF)-50 questionnaire. Satisfaction with IgRT was measured with a three-dimensional scale (Life Quality Index [LQI] with three components: factor I [FI], treatment interference; FII, therapy-related problems; FIII, therapy settings).
A total of 44 children (9.7±3.2 years old) receiving IgRT for a mean of 5.6±4.5 years (median 4.1 years) entered the study: 18 (40.9%) were receiving hospital-based IVIg, two (4.6%) were receiving home-based IVIg, and 24 (54.6%) were treated by home-based SCIg. LQI FIII was higher for home-based SCIg than for hospital-based IVIg (P=0.0003), but there was no difference for LQI FI or LQI FII. LQI FIIIsignificantly improved in five patients who switched from IVIg to SCIg during the follow-up when compared to patients who pursued the same regimen (either IVIg or SCIg). No difference was found on CHQ-PF50 subscales, LQI FI, or LQI FII.
Home-based SCIg gave higher satisfaction regarding therapy settings than hospital-based IVIg. No difference was found on other subscales of the LQI or CHQ-PF50 between hospital-based IVIG and home-based SCIG.
immunoglobulins; immunotherapy; pediatric; preference; primary immunodeficiency; satisfaction