A strong rise in the use of induced labor has been observed in France. The aim of this work was to analyze the different methods used for achieving induction of labor and their implications.
One out of four French obstetricians were randomly selected to answer a questionnaire on their practice for achieving induction of labor. Four hundred of the 997 obstetricians answered the questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analysis was applied.
A high rate of induced labor was correlated with some areas of the country and with private practice. Certain methods were used in spite of opposing advice by experts in the field: elective induction of labor with unfavorable cervix, use of prostaglandins in elective induction of labor, induction of labor in cases of scarred uterus or breech presentation, use of misoprostol. Some methods were still used in spite of their poor efficacy: intravenous oxytocin used with unfavorable cervix, use of intravensou PGE2.
This study would show that theory and practice are often distinctly different. Induction of labor is currently used on a far wider scale than ever before. We obviously need studies for careful assessment of the circumstances in which induction of labor is used in order to improve methods and indications of such a clinical practice.